Working With SharePoint 2010 Search - Part 1
In this walk through, you will
learn how to customize the default SharePoint 2010 search interface by
adding new tab:
a. You will add a new content
b. You will add a new scope and add rules for this new
c. You will add a new tab in the search center on your
SharePoint site and create search pages for this tab. You will create two
pages, one that will host the Search Box web part and the
other will be used to display filtered search results.
d. You will modify Search
Box web part and associate it with the newly created scope. This
way you will get filtered search results
1. Open SharePoint
2. Click General
3. Click Farm Search
Click Search Service Application.
5. On the left
hand side, click Content Sources under
Figure 1: Content Sources
Local SharePoint sites content source is already created.
If you have not indexed your content before, you can do it now. Hover your
mouse over Local SharePoint sites, a drop down will
appear. Left-click it to open the menu and select Start Full
Crawl from the menu. If there is no content in your sites, it
will take 2-3 minutes for the engine to finish the crawl. You can create
new content sources in this section. Once the indexing is complete, you
can go and test search in your SharePoint sites. To view crawl log, hover
mouse over Local SharePoint sites and open menu and then
select View Crawl Log. Here you can see each content
source and number of successful crawls, errors, warnings, top level errors
and deletes against each content source.
Scopes in the left side menu.
Figure 2: Scopes
Click New Scope. Enter New Search in
Title field. Enter New Search Scope in
8. In Target Results
Page, keep the default option Use the default Search
Results Page selected. Click OK.
9. This will
create a new search scope. Update Status column will show
Empty and Add rules link. Click
link to add rules.
10. You will see four
options listed in Scope Rule Type. Keep the first one
Web Address selected. In Web Address
section, keep Folder option selected and enter the site
you want to search in this scope. In Behavior section, keep the first
option Include selected and click OK.
11. Now rules have been added. To start crawling immediately, go back
to Search Administration page (General
Application Settings > Farm Search Administration > Search Service
Application). Under System Status, locate
Scopes needing update. You will see Start update
now link against it. Click this link to start crawling
12. Now, we will add a new tab in search center to search
the scope we just defined. If you have not created a search center site
yet, create it now. Before we add new tab, we need to create a new page
that will be used for this new tab. Open SharePoint Search Center site.
Click Site Actions and select New
13. Enter ScopeSearch in the
New page name and click Create. It's
better that you don't use spaces in the page name. If you used a space, it
will be converted to '-'. ScopeSearch.aspx page will be
created and stored in Pages library.
14. Now that we
have created the page, we are ready to create new tab. Click Add
Figure 3: Add New Tab
Enter Scope Search in Tab Name and Enter
ScopeSearch.aspx in Page.
ScopeSearch.aspx is the page that we created in the
previous step. Click Save.
16. In this step, you will
learn how to configure Search Box for use with our scope.
Open Search Box's context menu and select Edit
Figure 4: Edit Search
Miscellaneous node. At the bottom you will see
Scope display group field. Enter New
Search in the box. This is the scope that we created
above. Click OK.
18. Click Save &
Close button in the ribbon.
Figure 5: Save &
19. Now, it's time to
test the changes. Select the new tab that you just created on the search
page. Enter a term in the search box and search it. You will see the
related results below.
Figure 6: Test new search
Till now you have just added a new search tab and created a new
search page. Now you will create a new search results page to associate
with the new tab. Click Site Actions and select
New Page. Enter ScopeSearchResults in
the New page name box and click
21. Edit Search Box web part
again and expand Miscellaneous node. Locate
Target search results page URL property.
Figure 7: Search results page
default, it contains results.aspx. Replace it with the
new page that you just created (Enter
ScopeSearchResults.aspx). Click OK to
apply the changes and close the web part.
Test the new change. Search something in the search box and the results
will be displayed in the new results page. Notice the URL when you select
new search tab. This is the page that got created when we added new
Figure 8: New search
is the new search page that you created. Now enter a term in search box
and search it. Again, notice the URL when the results are displayed. This
is the search results page that we created and associated with this scope
Figure 9: New search results
what is the purpose of this exercise? By defining a new scope you have
basically filtered the search results. Now, instead of getting all search
results, you will get only what is relevant. Remember, when you defined
the scope, you selected a particular SharePoint site. By using that
particular scope in the Search Box web part, you see
results only from that particular site. This is very useful. You can
create tabs specially for particular sites and get filtered search
results. This is particularly useful in big organizations where each
department has a separate site.